A NSW Government website

Key priorities of Crown land 2031

Our key priorities are community connections, economic progress, Aboriginal land rights, and protecting cultural heritage and environmental assets.

Community connections

The diversity and extent of the Crown estate mean it will continue to play a role in bringing communities together.

The estate already benefits from contributions by many different stakeholders, including local government, community and not-for-profit organisations, and individual volunteers. Determining public value locally and the ongoing delivery of local community benefit are a key focus in implementing Crown land 2031. Strong community connections will remain essential.


  • Crown land manager network grows in size and capability
  • Crown land assets are accessed, activated and sustained
  • New opportunities for community hubs are identified and enhanced
Achieving outcomes: Norah Head Lighthouse, NSW Central Coast

Reflections Holiday Parks is partnering with community volunteers to ensure the ongoing care and preservation of this important community asset and historic site.

Reflections started as the newly appointed Crown land manager of the Norah Head Reserve in September 2023. The reserve had been successfully managed by a community board and volunteers since 2002, however, the voluntary board believed it appropriate to bring the operations of this reserve under increased corporate governance with a greater focus on the management of this iconic site.

To continue the community connection with this reserve, Reflections will work with the Norah Head Reserve Community Liaison Group, and a passionate group of volunteers, to care for and preserve the historic site which includes holiday accommodation in the former lighthouse keeper’s house.

This is a reserve management model Crown Land encourages, with community collaboration bringing local knowledge to the management of this popular and historic Crown reserve.

Norah Head Lighthouse
Norah Head Lighthouse, NSW Central Coast

Economic progress

Crown land can be used in many different ways to facilitate investment and economic growth. Crown land 2031 establishes a strategic framework to encourage investment, facilitate innovative uses and rethink the way Crown land contributes to the economy.


  • Increase in community benefit from investment on Crown land
  • Regional tourism diversifies through activation of Crown land
  • Innovative industries prosper in the regions
Achieving outcomes: RSPCA facility in Yagoona

The NSW RSPCA operates a facility at Yagoona in Sydney’s south west. We have extended the term of the RSPCA’s lease to 50 years, to provide certainty of tenure and allow for an $18 million redevelopment including a new veterinary hospital, upgraded administrative and stores buildings, and new legacy dog kennels.

The lease extension will save the RSPCA in excess of $7.4 million, compared to what they would pay on a commercial site. The money saved can be redirected towards animal welfare and expanding the services the RSPCA offer, including educating the community about animal welfare and the services the RSPCA provide.

RSPCA facility in Yagoona
RSPCA facility in Yagoona


Aboriginal land rights and native title

Aboriginal land rights and native title interests are key to reconciliation and achieving economic, social, cultural and environmental outcomes in NSW.

Crown land 2031 provides a commitment to uphold and progress land rights and native title interests in NSW. In addition to supporting these existing processes, Crown Lands will work with Aboriginal landowners and native title holders in the co-design and adoption of co-management strategies to unlock multiple benefits from land.


  • Land returned to Aboriginal communities
  • Multiple co-management initiatives are established
  • Measurable contribution to national ‘Closing the Gap’ targets

Protect cultural heritage

Crown land encompasses important cultural heritage including Aboriginal heritage assets, both built and natural. As part of a whole-of-government approach, Crown land has an ongoing role in the protection of cultural heritage and Aboriginal heritage in NSW.


  • Cultural heritage sites on Crown land are identified and protected
  • Aboriginal sites on Crown land are identified and protected in partnership with local communities
  • Aboriginal people lead the management of Aboriginal culture and heritage on Crown land
Achieving outcomes: Hyde Park, Sydney CBD

Many Crown land reserves have a rich and complex history, where the use of a reserve has evolved over time to meet the needs of the community. An   example of this is Hyde Park, which is now a popular retreat for workers and visitors to the Sydney CBD. At the beginning of the colony the land was used for collecting firewood and grazing animals. Its first recreational use was a racecourse and in the 1820s it was used as a cricket pitch. Later the park became a venue for Sunday oratories on political and civic topics and for election meetings.

In 2015 the Yininmadyemi: Thoust Didst Let Fall monument was completed. The work acknowledges that even before Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were counted in the census and recognized   as citizens, they were risking their lives to defend Australia. The site for the monument, at Hyde Park South, was chosen as it was once a ritual contest ground, a crossroads for traditional walking trails, and an important site for ceremony, gathering and camping.

Hyde Park, Sydney CBD
Hyde Park, Sydney CBD

Environmental assets

Crown land 2031 will prioritise the identification, protection and expansion of environmental assets on Crown land, expand green and open space and promote activities that build climate resilience.


  • Green spaces in urban areas are increased
  • Environmental values on Crown land are identified, enhanced and protected
  • Crown land contributes to climate resilience
Achieving outcomes: Nail Can Hill Reserve, Albury-Wodonga

Nail Can Hill is home to threatened flora and fauna species, including the endangered Crimson Spider Orchid. Many groups access the reserve and its fire trails for a wide range of recreational activities and essential emergency access.

Crown Lands is implementing holistic environmental management to support conservation of biodiversity and other values of this unique reserve. Bush fire mitigation works focus on cool mosaic burns. Discussion following a fire allows community stakeholders to consider pathways for future environmental and cultural burns and to achieve successful environmental outcomes.

Future management of the reserve, including the application of fire will continue with input from all key stakeholders, including elders from the local Aboriginal community, Rural Fire Service staff and volunteers, Council, Local Land Services and National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Nail Can Hill Reserve, Albury-Wodonga
Nail Can Hill Reserve, Albury-Wodonga


Tracking our progress

Actions and pilots in the First Action Plan will lay the foundations for delivering Crown land 2031 priorities. There are 5 focus areas and 6 pilot programs as part of the plan. For more information on the first action plan and how we're tracking visit First Action Plan.